cab54.christiaanweiler.net

architecture : theory and strategy

coast wise europe, ephesus workshop


object workshop intro for exhibition catalogue (in dutch) subject coastal tourism date december 1996 words 513 pages 1 author christiaan weiler thanks to the wonderful staff of the istanbul technical university, for their confidence



- no pdf file available -

coast wise europe summer university 1996

5000 Years of Ephesus

Anatolia is a melting pot of different cultures. Having a very long history by being a passage way of many peoples which had the aim to settle on this very special land, there was an ongoing struggle in Anatolia through ten thousand years. Rivalry and mutual cultural relations resulted in rich cultural developments. A beautiful showcase of these many periods of history and culture is the city of Ephesus. Our first knowledge about Ephesus dates back to 2000 BC. The city was successively under Greek (the 12 Ionian cities), Persian and then Hellenistic rule. Later, around the beginning of the era it was dominated by Romans, to become a centre for Christian and Byzantine culture in the Middle Ages (Selçuk). In the 11th century the Turks conquered the region. Once an industrious centre on the Aegean shore, the city’s topographic situation changed with the drawing apart of the harbour and the sea as the result of sedimentation. This geographical change was the reason for epidemics, the disruption of the sea connections, the decrease of the trade and finally the decline of the city. The people of Ephesus went further inland to Ayasuluk-Selçuk and Sirince. All these 5000 years of history have left their specific layers in Ephesus, and can be seen by tourists today.

Excavation, Presentation and Attraction
An other set of historical layers is made of the many different approaches to the reconstruction of Ephesus. The excavations were organized mostly by foreign teams which has left its marks. Atatürk (founder of the Turkish Republic in 1923) realized that the heritage of Anatolia had to be protected but also presented to the public. For this presentation there is the desire to show an accurate reconstruction of Ephesus in one particular moment, but it could also be prefered to show the many historical examples from different time periods. One of the main problems of this archeological site is how to (re) construct a reality for Ephesus. Its role as a touristic site introduces other questions: How can the site be organized to increase its capacity for visitors? How can it be organized without visitors and archeologists interrupting each other? How should the visitors' facilities be organized in an expanding excavation area?
The neighbouring town of Selçuk could profit very much from being so close to Ephesus. Its has its own rich historical heritage, but in that respect it can not compete with Ephesus. It can be the gateway to Ephesus, but the coastal city of Kusadasi (15 kilometers away), is a much greater attractor and distributor of tourists because it is a beach town. How should Selçuk use its potential qualities and define its relative identity?

To learn more about these questions six design tasks were made:
1. Where are the Twelve Ionian Cities
2. Why is Selçuk behind on Ephesus
3. Can the Museum of Ephesus Gain a New Vision
4. Ephesus by Night
5. The First Impression is Very Important
6. Terrace Houses of Ephesus


STAFF: HÜLYA YÜREKLI, IPEK AKPINAR, YASEMIN ALKISER, ÖZLEM BERK, ÇIGDEM EREN, FATMA ERKÖK, CEM ERÖZÜ, ÖMER KANIPAK, IREM MOLLAAHMETOGLU, IPEK YÜREKLI, ZEYNEP ÇELIK, SENEM DEVIREN, EMINE YILMAZGIL, FERHAN YÜREKLI -MODERATOR: BERT VAN MEGGELEN (DIRECTOR OF THE ACADEMY OF ARCHITECTURE ROTTERDAM) FORUM: HEIN VAN HAAREN (FORMER PRESIDENT OF FACULTY OF ARTS AND ARCHITECTURE ROTTERDAM AND THE NETHERLANDS ARCHITECTURE INSTITUTE), ORCAN GÜNDÜZ (DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY IZMIR), HILKE THÜR (AUSTRIAN ARCHEAOLOGICAL INSTITUTE), GÜRHAN TÜMER (DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY IZMIR), FERHAN YÜREKLI (ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE) -ADVISORS TO THE FORUM: KAMIL SUBASI (MAYOR OF SELÇUK), SELAHATTIN ERDEMGIL (DIRECTOR OF THE SELÇUK MUSEUM OF ARCHAEOLOGY), AYKUT GÜSAR (DIRECTOR OF SIMKO, IZMIR), METIN TAMCI (INHABITANT OF SELÇUK, ENGINEER) -LECTURERS: AYKUT GÜSAR, PETER SCHERRER AND HILKE THÜR (AUSTRIAN ARCHEAOLOGICAL INSTITUTE), KAMIL SUBASI -NEWSPAPER: GERRIT BERKOUWER (EDITOR) ZEYNEP ÇELIK, PIET KALSBEEK, ÖMER KANIPAK, CHRISTIAAN WEILER, IPEK YÜREKLI (JOURNALISTS), MARTIJN BERTRAM (DESIGNER) -SPECIAL THANKS TO: MUNICIPALITY OF SELÇUK, MUSEUM OF EPHESUS, AUSTRIAN ARCHEAOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, KUSADASI PHILANTHROPIST FOUNDATION, DR. ANTON BAMMER, TANJU BERK, DOGAN HASOL, SUNUK PASINER, CEM ULUSOY, IBRAHIM UZ, BIROL YÜCELEN ’JACK OF ALL TRADES’: GUUS VREEBURG -THE EPHESUS WORKSHOP WAS MADE POSSIBLE BY: ALPHAGRAPHICS TURKEY, GIZ PROJE-INSAAT AS, HAZNEDAR ATES TUGLA AS, PACHA TOURS, PINE BAY HOLIDAY RESORT, QUICKSILVER-TURKEY, XEROX-THE DOCUMENT COMPANY-IZMIR, YAPI ENDÜSTRI MERKEZI